February 2023


Whether you’re designing an innovative new product, creating a musical masterpiece, or deciding on a unique name and logo for your new business, it’s a good idea to ascertain whether you may be infringing on someone else’s rights. You want your idea or new product to carry your distinctive mark, even if it means tweaking it slightly to make it unique, and you certainly don’t want to find out further down the line that you have inadvertently copied someone else’s idea.

And while you’re in the process of ensuring your uniqueness, it’s a good time to formalize your brilliant ideas and get the law on your side to protect you from any possible infringements.

It sounds quite simple, but how do you tell whether you need a patent or a trademark? And what about copyright? 

As a quick guide: 

  • Copyright protects intellectual property like artwork, writing, music, and software coding.
  • A trademark protects company names and logos, product names, brand identities, and slogans.
  • A patent protects an original invention or design, or further modifications if required.

We provide some further details as a guide to registering your creation, together with a brief insight into the legal implications of each process.


According to the US Copyright Office: “Copyright is originality and fixation.” 

Original work is created by a human and has a degree of creativity. It means that you have created the item yourself, without copying it from someone else. Copyright protects expression, but not ideas, methods, procedures, systems, concepts, principles, or discoveries.

Fixed work is when the item created is captured in a sufficiently permanent medium such that it can be evaluated, perceived, or communicated for a length of time.

Work done by an employee as part of their scope of employment belongs to the employer, and work done under contract belongs to the beneficiary of the contract. 

Copyrights can also be bequeathed. 

The term of the copyright is a term for life plus 70 years after the author’s death. In the case of joint copyright, the term is 70 years after the death of the last surviving author.

Works made for hire, anonymous works, and works done under a pseudonym have a copyright term of 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever is the shortest period.

Copyright owners are allowed to:

  • Reproduce their work or prepare derivatives thereof.
  • Distribute copies of their work by sale, rental, lease, or loan.
  • Perform or display their work publicly in the case of literature, music, drama, or choreography.

Motion pictures, other audio-visual works, and digital-audio transmission are also permitted.

The owner of the copyright is permitted to authorize other parties to exercise these rights, subject to certain statutory limitations.

Agreements, limitations, and exceptions: As members of the general public, even though we don’t own the copyright, we may listen to music, read books and poetry, watch movies, or use copyrighted software. We do so by buying the books and paying to go watch movies and plays. Despite copyright limitations, however, we may make use of the fair use index to determine the boundaries of copyright use. The fair use index spans multiple federal jurisdictions and tracks a variety of judicial decisions put in place to help legal and non-legal people better understand copyright laws. It is surely interesting reading for the aspiring Juris Doctor, and in this vein, the Juris Doctor degree online at Cleveland State University with its involvement in the teaching of core legal concepts, performing research and analysis, and honing your professional competencies is bound to be of interest as well. 


The US trademark laws are governed mainly by the Lanham Act, which states that common law trademark rights are automatically acquired when a business uses a name or logo. These rights are enforceable in a court of law. However, trademarks registered with the US Patent and Trademark Office are given a higher degree of protection when contested in a federal court of law. The Lanham Act, also known as the Trademark Act of 1946, establishes guidelines for governing trademarks, service marks, and unfair competition.


A patent protects a company’s or individual’s original invention for a period of 20 years and is subject to regular payment of a fee. Thereafter, the details of the invention are published. 

There are three types of patents in the US: utility, design, and plant patents.

The utility patent protects a new invention of a product, process, machine, or article of manufacture and includes any useful improvements on an existing patent. The patent prevents anyone else from making or selling your invention without your consent. This includes technical and software companies.

A design patent is the protection of an ornamental feature or design of a product, such as the shape of the Coca-Cola bottle, or the unique design of a shoe.

A plant patent may be granted to someone who invents or discovers a new plant and has asexually reproduced the plant. 

The Patent Cooperation Treaty makes it possible to apply for an international patent that is recognized in more than 150 countries worldwide.

Registering a patent requires a sound application, and it is important to get it right. Consider employing the services of a good legal firm that specializes in patents. Your application needs to confirm that you are in fact in possession of your invention and describe it in a manner that is precise and detailed. 

An option exists to file a provisional patent application, but this too needs as much detail as possible, and is only a temporary measure.


Whether it’s a magnificent work of art, an ingenious piece of engineering, or a fabulous new design, it’s your legacy, and it needs to be protected during your lifetime, and that of your offspring. Learn what kind of legal protection it needs so that your profits, brand, and story remain wholly yours.

The lawyer is, above all, a legal professional whose objective is to represent his client. Consequently, its mission will be to defend the victim and obtain compensation for the bodily injury of the latter. He, therefore, must provide legal advice and information to his client.

The purpose of bodily injury law by crown point personal injury attorney for example is to compensate for physical and often psychological damage caused by an accident or assault. It comes from laws on different subjects (civil liability, health, insurance, medical liability, criminal liability, medical law, traffic law, etc.)

For a victim to obtain compensation for the damage, the damage must first be characterized, and the applicable law and the competent jurisdiction determined. It is also necessary to consider the existence or not of a responsible third party. There are different types of bodily injury victims:

  • Road accident victim
  • Victim of medical error or accident
  • sports accident victim
  • Domestic accident victim
  • victim of aggression
  • victim of attack
  • Work accident victim

It is then necessary to evaluate the rate of physical and psychological attacks, car accident lawsuits thanks to methodologies and scales. When damage is of a certain severity, medical expertise is generally necessary. Ultimately, the principle of full compensation for damages must be applied as best as possible: this fundamental rule of French law aims to repair the damage as if the accident had never occurred, thanks to an indemnity that should neither enrich nor impoverish the victim.

Bodily Injury And Moral Prejudice: Is There A Difference In The Compensation Procedure?

There are different types and classifications of harm, and it’s not always easy to navigate. The result of an assault on a person’s physical integrity is bodily harm. One or more medical expert reports essentially assess it. Its consequence can be disfigurement, which includes all the damage caused to the person’s physical appearance. It can be a scar, hair loss, or a change in skin color.

Moral damage corresponds to moral suffering felt by a victim or his relatives. It can be linked to psychological trauma, a loss of self-confidence, or even post-traumatic stress. It is known to be difficult to measure. However, there are proven tools and methods for evaluating and quantifying it. Functional damage is related to damage to the person’s physical and mental abilities. It can be a loss of autonomy, decreased intellectual faculties, or even a disability.

The loss of pleasure results from the impossibility or difficulty of enjoying recreational or sporting activities “as before.” We should also mention the suffering endured, which a doctor can quantify, and a lawyer or a judge can quantify.

When you’ve been injured in an accident, it’s important to seek legal advice. An injury lawyer can provide invaluable assistance during a difficult time. Here are 10 reasons why you need an injury lawyer.

  1. Expertise in Injury Law:

An injury lawyer is an expert in the field of injury law. They understand the complexities of the legal system and can provide invaluable advice and representation. By hiring an injury lawyer, you can be sure that you are getting the best legal advice and representation.

  1. Experience with Insurance Companies:

Insurance companies can be handled by a car accident lawyer with experience and knowledge. They can help negotiate a settlement with the insurance company and protect your rights. Your lawyer can ensure that you are getting the compensation you deserve.

  1. Knowledge of Personal Injury Laws:

It’s important to understand the laws related to personal injury cases. An injury lawyer is well-versed in the laws governing personal injury cases and can guide you through the legal process.

  1. Maximize Your Compensation:

An injury lawyer can ensure that you get the maximum compensation for your injury. They will fight for your rights and ensure that you get the justice you deserve.

  1. Access to Resources:

An injury lawyer will have access to resources that can help you in your case. They can provide access to doctors, experts, and other professionals who can help you.

  1. Negotiation Skills:

Injury lawyers are experienced negotiators, who are knowledgeable about the laws and legal procedures that apply to injury cases. They understand the tactics used by insurance companies and other defence attorneys to minimize client compensation, and they can use their negotiating skills to maximize the amount of compensation their clients receive.

  1. Representation in Court:

If your case ends up in court, an injury lawyer can represent you in the courtroom. They will ensure that your case is presented in the best possible light and that you get the justice you deserve.

  1. Experienced Litigators:

If your case goes to trial, an injury lawyer can provide experienced and aggressive representation. They will be well-versed in the law and can fight for your rights.

  1. Access to Experts:

The Best injury lawyer in brooklyn have access to experts who can testify in your case. These experts can provide valuable information and analysis that can help your case.

  1. Peace of Mind:

An injury lawyer can provide peace of mind during a difficult time. Knowing that you have someone on your side that is experienced and knowledgeable can help give you the confidence to move forward.


An injury lawyer can provide invaluable assistance during a difficult time. They have the knowledge and experience to help you get the justice you deserve.

Hiring a family law attorney is always advisable regarding legal family situations. They make it a point that everything is handled correctly, irrespective of the problem. Family law covers almost all kinds of cases, which can eventually have a major impact on a person’s life. 

Usually, a family issue is more related to an emotional battle, such as custody of a child, distribution or allotment of property and assets, wills, divorce cases, etc. When it is about divorce, custody of a child or even adoption, a family law attorney is hired to take charge of the situation in the court.

How Is A Family Lawyer Eligible To Handle Cases Related To Estate Planning?

While a family lawyer is responsible for handling everything related to the issues of a family, similar a real estate law attorney is required when it comes to property matters. A family and real estate lawyer must collaborate to handle the case differently. They are responsible for all the legal allegations and bifurcation of the property legally. 

A real estate attorney specializes in matters related to the exchange of real estate deals and land-related issues. They are responsible for selling and buying the property in a dispute, especially by a family. As they act as a liaison for the buying, and selling, of realtors of the real estate property, they also take care of the paperwork. Most states require a real estate law attorney to handle all the finances and close the land issues.

Family law and real estate overlap when the situation concerns the distribution of property or land in the deceased’s name. People tend to fight over such property issues and end up spoiling the relationship. Hence hiring the appropriate lawyer makes sense to handle the situation with legal terms.


Which Are The Various Issues Handled By A Family Lawyer?

Sometimes, situations arise when the entire act of a family dispute might turn into a criminal problem. A criminal defense attorney and a family lawyer must be hired to handle the situation. They will be responsible for managing the situation with proper rules and regulations. 

There are various situations that a family lawyer takes care of in a family matter. These situations are

  • Divorce: A family lawyer tries to support either of the parties to resolve the divorce issue. If not, they help the parties to resolve the problems systematically and without any unwanted trouble. Each part must know and understand what they will gain or lose in the procedure. The lawyer is responsible for maintaining decorum and aligning the parties’ legal rights. They are also responsible for handling all the questions asked in the court and being fair in the trial.
  • Child Abuse: It is considered a criminal offense, so hiring a criminal defense attorney to handle cases related to child abuse becomes mandatory. Many people try to escape these issues without hiring an attorney. They eventually have to build a strong case to save themselves from allegations from the court and the accused. 
  • Annulment: This term means that the husband and wife are legally separated. The bond is no longer in existence and has no value in society or on paper. The reasons for annulment can be multiple, but how it is handled by a lawyer is what matters. A spouse may request an annulment for several reasons. One of the partners may be unfertile and suffer from incurable or contagious diseases. There can be situations where they have gone through a previous marriage or divorce or have a history of criminal activity. Here, the case must be handled by a family lawyer. 
  • Alimony: It is also known as spouse support or maintenance post-divorce. Usually, a judge declares the final say and the duration of the alimony depending on various factors and situations. The spouse who is not working and has no source of income is eligible to receive maintenance from the other Spouse


  • Family Business Disputes: A family lawyer is most required for a financial dispute. Here a family and real estate lawyer are needed as they have the expertise to handle the case with all the paperwork. They are aware of all the rules and regulations.

These were a few situations where the attorney for family law handled the case comfortably. Depending on the situation, another specialized attorney must be hired to keep the legal formalities in place. Always be aware and alert about legal involvement in any situation and hire the attorney accordingly.

If you’re dealing with a serious injury or long-term disability, you may need a personal injury lawyer. The best ones will help you fight for the compensation you deserve for your injuries.

Attorneys in this specialty typically work on a contingency fee basis, which means their fees are paid only after they secure compensation for their client. This often results in long, involved cases.

Liability Analysis

A liability analysis is a process that your personal injury lawyer will use to review all the relevant statutes, case law, common laws, and legal precedents. It helps them build a solid case and establish a valid rationale for pursuing the claim against the responsible parties.

A liabilities analysis is a crucial part of preparing your injury case for settlement or trial. It will include collecting evidence and assessing the severity of your injuries and losses.

During this process, your attorney will discuss the accident with medical professionals and request narrative reports from any expert witnesses. They will also interview witnesses and obtain CCTV footage to help them build a strong case.

Generally, when current liabilities exceed current assets, this indicates that the company is in financial trouble and might not be able to meet all of its debt obligations as they come due. This is why analysts often pay close attention to the size and composition of a company’s liabilities, especially its current liabilities.


In a civil lawsuit, the first document filed in the court system is the complaint. It lets the judge–and soon the defendant–know that you intend to seek a legal remedy for your losses.

A complaint is a formal legal document that sets out the facts and legal reasons (see: cause of action) that support your claim against the party or parties who are being sued. It also outlines the amount of damages you are seeking.

Complaints must comply with strict legal standards, which vary by jurisdiction. They must contain a caption and heading, a statement of facts, jurisdictional allegations, and other information.

Factual allegations in a complaint, which are an elaboration of the facts and circumstances surrounding your injury, are a crucial part of your attorney’s advocacy on your behalf. These allegations are a melding of fact and law, and your personal injury lawyer will use them to argue for the best possible outcome in your case.


After you file a lawsuit, but before it goes to trial, your lawyer will need to collect all the information they can. This stage is called discovery.

Discovering the facts is essential to building a strong case that proves you deserve compensation for your injuries. Your attorney will need access to your medical records, work history, and a lot more.

There are several ways that discovery can be used to gather information, including requests for documents, interrogatories, and depositions.

Requests for documents are written requests that ask the other party to provide copies of all relevant documents in their possession.

Other forms of discovery include requests for admission (a request that asks the other side to admit that some facts are false). They may also include requests for medical examinations for cases where a mental or physical condition is central to the case.


A trial is a legal hearing where a judge or jury decides the outcome of a case. It is the first step in a court process and can last for hours or weeks.

If you have been injured, you may have a personal injury claim against the person who is responsible for your injuries. You may be entitled to compensation for medical bills, lost wages, pain and suffering, and other damages.

You should choose a personal injury attorney who is experienced and knowledgeable in personal injury law. These attorneys can advocate for you at trial and ensure that you receive the maximum compensation possible.

When a plaintiff’s case goes to trial, the judge or jury determines if the defendant was negligent and if they are liable for causing the Plaintiff’s injuries. They also decide how much money the defendant should pay to compensate the Plaintiff for their losses. The deliberation can take several days or weeks, depending on the complexity of the case.